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A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace

by John Perry Barlow

Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind. On behalf of the future, I ask you of the past to leave us alone. You are not welcome among us. You have no sovereignty where we gather.

We have no elected government, nor are we likely to have one, so I address you with no greater authority than that with which liberty itself always speaks. I declare the global social space we are building to be naturally independent of the tyrannies you seek to impose on us. You have no moral right to rule us nor do you possess any methods of enforcement we have true reason to fear.

Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. You have neither solicited nor received ours. We did not invite you. You do not know us, nor do you know our world. Cyberspace does not lie within your borders. Do not think that you can build it, as though it were a public construction project. You cannot. It is an act of nature and it grows itself through our collective actions.

You have not engaged in our great and gathering conversation, nor did you create the wealth of our marketplaces. You do not know our culture, our ethics, or the unwritten codes that already provide our society more order than could be obtained by any of your impositions.

You claim there are problems among us that you need to solve. You use this claim as an excuse to invade our precincts. Many of these problems don’t exist. Where there are real conflicts, where there are wrongs, we will identify them and address them by our means. We are forming our own Social Contract . This governance will arise according to the conditions of our world, not yours. Our world is different.

Cyberspace consists of transactions, relationships, and thought itself, arrayed like a standing wave in the web of our communications. Ours is a world that is both everywhere and nowhere, but it is not where bodies live.

We are creating a world that all may enter without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth.

We are creating a world where anyone, anywhere may express his or her beliefs, no matter how singular, without fear of being coerced into silence or conformity.

Your legal concepts of property, expression, identity, movement, and context do not apply to us. They are all based on matter, and there is no matter here.

Our identities have no bodies, so, unlike you, we cannot obtain order by physical coercion. We believe that from ethics, enlightened self-interest, and the commonweal, our governance will emerge . Our identities may be distributed across many of your jurisdictions. The only law that all our constituent cultures would generally recognize is the Golden Rule. We hope we will be able to build our particular solutions on that basis. But we cannot accept the solutions you are attempting to impose.

In the United States, you have today created a law, the Telecommunications Reform Act, which repudiates your own Constitution and insults the dreams of Jefferson, Washington, Mill, Madison, DeToqueville, and Brandeis. These dreams must now be born anew in us.

You are terrified of your own children, since they are natives in a world where you will always be immigrants. Because you fear them, you entrust your bureaucracies with the parental responsibilities you are too cowardly to confront yourselves. In our world, all the sentiments and expressions of humanity, from the debasing to the angelic, are parts of a seamless whole, the global conversation of bits. We cannot separate the air that chokes from the air upon which wings beat.

In China, Germany, France, Russia, Singapore, Italy and the United States, you are trying to ward off the virus of liberty by erecting guard posts at the frontiers of Cyberspace. These may keep out the contagion for a small time, but they will not work in a world that will soon be blanketed in bit-bearing media.

Your increasingly obsolete information industries would perpetuate themselves by proposing laws, in America and elsewhere, that claim to own speech itself throughout the world. These laws would declare ideas to be another industrial product, no more noble than pig iron. In our world, whatever the human mind may create can be reproduced and distributed infinitely at no cost. The global conveyance of thought no longer requires your factories to accomplish.

These increasingly hostile and colonial measures place us in the same position as those previous lovers of freedom and self-determination who had to reject the authorities of distant, uninformed powers. We must declare our virtual selves immune to your sovereignty, even as we continue to consent to your rule over our bodies. We will spread ourselves across the Planet so that no one can arrest our thoughts.

We will create a civilization of the Mind in Cyberspace. May it be more humane and fair than the world your governments have made before.

Davos, Switzerland

February 8, 1996

source: http://doc.cat-v.org/political_science/cyberspace-declaration-of-independence


damit steht es fest: nummer 3 wirds.

das ergebnis zusammengefasst: 4 x nummer 3, 1 x nummer 4 und einmal ne mischung aus 1 und 3.

vielen dank fürs mitmachen!

ich rufe hiermit zum voting auf:

möchte gerne ein neues header- bild einfügen und hab 4 zur auswahl:

header 1

header 2

header 3

header 4

einfach nen kommentar mit dem favoriten schreiben, meiner ist nummer 3, deswegen ist er auch schon der aktuelle, würde aber gerne noch ein paar meinungen dazu lesen 🙂

danke für die teilnahme!

mein blog hat gerade den 2018. besucher erhalten. in diesem sinne vielen dank an alle leser und kommenteure!

nach ein paar tagen krankenhaus bin ich wieder da 🙂

war n ulkiger infekt im bauch denk ich mal, aber es geht schon wieder. so richtig wussten die selbst nicht was es war. naja, werd nächste woche mal zu einem spezialisten gehen…

das positive ist, dass ich so wenigstens noch ein bisschen was von dem wiederkriege was ich der krankenkasse geschenkt habe…

seit gestern ist mein alter server jetzt endgültig heruntergefahren (nach einer uptime von am stück 227 tagen). also gibt es jetzt „nur noch“ diese seite, ist aber letztendlich bequemer, wenn auch weniger fordernd…

es ist vollbracht, alle beiträge meines alten blogs sind hier eingefügt. ist ne ganz schön lange liste geworden…

denke ich werde das noch ein wenig mit fotos in den beiträgen auflockern. scheint mir fast ein größere baustelle zu werden 🙂

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